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徽派建筑中仿古砖铺贴方法

来源:/news/434.html 发布日期:2022-02-09

仿古砖的正确铺贴方法:明确计划方案→地面找平→放线→铺贴→浸砖→混浆→涂浆→整修。实际以下:
The correct paving method of antique brick: define the plan → ground leveling → setting out → paving → brick soaking → slurry mixing → slurry coating → renovation. The actual conditions are as follows:
一、明确计划方案:
1、 Define the plan:
即明确地砖样式、铺贴方法等实际关键点。常见的仿古瓷砖铺贴方法,除开普遍的走明管的铺贴方式以外,仿古瓷砖也有“人字贴”,“工字形贴”,“斜形菱线”切角砖衬小瓷砖铺贴,地板砖配边框线铺贴等各种各样的精致的铺贴计划方案(在本博另一文中有详解仿古瓷砖的铺贴款式);这种要在早期就和室内设计师一起沟通交流设计方案好。这句话听起来一些不必要,但确实就会有很多人没考虑到清晰就选购刚开始铺砖造成要返修。因此不能心存侥幸。
That is to clarify the actual key points such as floor tile style and paving method. In addition to the common paving methods of exposed pipes, antique tiles also have various exquisite paving plans, such as "herringbone paste", "I-shaped paste", "oblique diamond line" chamfered brick lined small tile paving, floor tile with frame line paving, etc. (the paving style of antique tiles is explained in detail in another article of this blog); It is good to communicate the design scheme with the interior designer at an early stage. This sentence sounds unnecessary, but it is true that many people will buy bricks without considering clarity, resulting in repair at the beginning. So you cant take chances.
二、地面找平
2、 Ground leveling
地面找平,便是在铺仿古瓷砖前,解决铺贴的房屋建筑表层开展解决,如路面、内墙壁、外墙面砖等,除掉其表层粘附的废弃物,并撒水开展滋养,随后自来水细沙混和地面找平,一般应用灰铲在表层不断的擦抹使混凝土地面维持大概水准,一定要直到水泥沙化合物完全干爽后再次铺贴。
The ground leveling is to solve the problems on the surface of the building before paving antique tiles, such as pavement, inner wall and outer wall tiles, remove the waste adhered to the surface, sprinkle water for nourishment, and then mix tap water and fine sand with the ground leveling. Generally, the ash shovel is used to wipe the surface continuously to maintain the approximate level of the concrete ground, Be sure to pave again until the cement sand compound is completely dry.


三、放线
3、 Setting out
用一段较长的细绳,依据明确的铺贴方法,线上上刷上色调或石灰,随后在地面找平的路面上绘制仿古瓷砖的部位及砖缝的参照线。跟木工在板材上放黑条弹是一个大道理。
Use a long piece of string to brush the color or lime on the line according to the clear paving method, and then draw the part of antique ceramic tile and the reference line of brick joint on the road surface leveled on the ground. Its a big truth to put black bullets on the board with carpenters.
四、铺贴
4、 Paving
古建材料,在搞好了之上有关准备工作以后,就需要刚开始贴瓷砖了,一定要留意施工队伍做的活是不是细腻,这能够在很大水平降低日后会出现的房屋质量问题。
After doing a good job in the preparation of ancient building materials, it is necessary to just start pasting ceramic tiles. We must pay attention to whether the work done by the construction team is exquisite, which can greatly reduce the housing quality problems in the future.
五、浸砖
5、 Dip brick
将亚光砖置入冷水中浸泡,使地砖充足消化吸取水份,以不出现汽泡为标准,避免干燥地砖在室内装修进行后再次吸湿而造成砖体形变。
Soak the matte tiles in cold water to make the floor tiles fully digest and absorb water. Take no bubble as the standard to avoid the brick shape change caused by re moisture absorption of dry floor tiles after indoor decoration.
六、混浆
6、 Slurry mixing
古建材料,仿古砖的正确铺贴方法
Correct paving method of ancient building materials and antique bricks
混浆的品质危害仿古瓷砖的粘合力,一般状况下混凝土砂浆要以1:2的占比开展混和,混和后的混凝土砂浆型号应当在200#下列,这种将被用于擦抹在地砖反面。
The quality of the mixed mortar endangers the adhesion of antique ceramic tiles. Generally, the concrete mortar should be mixed in the proportion of 1:2. The model of the mixed concrete mortar should be less than 200 # and this kind of mortar will be used to wipe on the back of the floor tile.
七、涂浆
7、 Paste coating
取下浸泡好的地砖,抹干水迹,在抹灰层上喷撒充足的水,随后在砖反面匀称抹上混凝土砂浆,砂浆薄厚5~6cm为宜,铺贴大规格型号亚光砖时适度加厚型;随后将砖贴上,用木槌轻轻地拍牢整平,防止墙面空鼓,并随时随地用直尺地面找平。
Remove the soaked floor tile, wipe the water trace, spray sufficient water on the plastering layer, and then evenly apply concrete mortar on the reverse side of the brick. The thickness of the mortar should be 5 ~ 6cm. When paving large-size matte bricks, it should be moderately thickened; Then paste the brick, gently pat it firmly and level it with a wooden mallet to prevent the hollowing of the wall, and level the ground with a ruler anytime and anywhere.
八、整修
8、 Refurbishment
古建材料,贴好一定的总面积后,要用勾缝剂在砖缝起来弥补刮平,还应当除掉地砖表层的废弃物如混凝土砂浆,废水,污垢等,提升养护。
After the ancient building materials are pasted with a certain total area, the bricks shall be repaired and leveled with pointing agent. The wastes on the surface of the floor tiles, such as concrete mortar, waste water and dirt, shall also be removed to improve the maintenance.

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